Published in print: 20 January 2001, Published online: 2001; updated, 31 January 2014
(b Björneborg [now Pori], Feb 16, 1878; d Helsinki, Dec 16, 1951). Finnish composer, pianist and conductor. He was a pupil of Wegelius (harmony and counterpoint) and of Petzet, Melcer-Szczawiński and Ekman (piano) at the Helsinki Music Institute (1895–9), and then studied in Germany and Italy with Conrad Ansorge, Wilhelm Berger and Busoni. Back in Finland he held appointments as conductor of the Helsinki University Chorus (1902–4, 1927–8), for whom he composed several partsongs. From 1909 to 1912he conducted the orchestra of the Turku Musical Society, after which he worked solely as a composer and pianist.