Published in print: 20 January 2001, Published online: 2001; updated, 28 February 2002; updated works list, 27 November 2002
(b Helsinki, June 30, 1958). Finnish conductor and composer. He entered the Sibelius Academy as a horn student of Fransman in 1973, graduating in 1977. That year he founded the avant-garde Ears Open collective, together with Kaipainen, Lindberg and Saariaho. He was also a founder member of the experimental Toimii! ensemble. Private study in composition with Rautavaara and conducting with Jorma Panula followed. He then attended conducting courses in Siena and Darmstadt, and made his professional début in 1979 with the Finnish RSO.