Published in print: 20 January 2001, Published online: 2001; updated, 31 January 2014
(b Oulu, May 30, 1932; d Tampere, Aug 1, 1981). Finnish composer, critic and music administrator . He studied composition with Kilpinen (1949–54) and made several study trips abroad (e.g. to China, Italy, France and Germany). He was librarian of the Sibelius Academy, Helsinki (1956–61), music critic of the daily papers Kauppalehti and Uusi Suomi (1956–70), programme director of the Jyväskylä Arts Festival (1956–9 and 1962–8) and director of the Helsinki Festival (1969–77). He retired in 1977 and moved to Rome, where he devoted himself to composition.